The ovaries are part of a woman’s reproductive system. They are in the lower part of the body below the umbilicus area (pelvis).
Each ovary is about the size of an almond. The ovaries make the female hormones—estrogen and progesterone. The hormones control your menstrual cycle. As you get older and menopause approaches, the ovaries make less and less of these hormones and periods eventually stop altogether.
The ovaries also release eggs. An egg travels from an ovary through a fallopian tube to the womb (uterus). When a woman goes through her “change of life” (menopause), her ovaries stop releasing eggs and make far lower levels of hormones.
What is Ovarian Cyst? Is Ovarian cyst a cancer?
An ovarian cyst may be found on the surface of an ovary or inside it. A cyst contains fluid. Sometimes it contains solid tissue too. Most ovarian cysts are benign (not cancer). Most ovarian cysts go away with time.
Sometimes, a doctor will find a cyst that does not go away or that gets larger or it shows some solid components that may raise a suspicion of cancer. The doctor may order tests to make sure that the cyst is not cancer.